KU-Band Bandpass Filter

The Importance of The Ku-Band Bandpass Filter in Communications

Ku-Band bandpass filter have an important role to play in many Ku-Band communication systems.

In communications, because of the many signals crossing the airwaves, it’s important that receivers actually can filter out and receive the intended one. Certain types of communications occupy certain frequency bands, with the lowest being the HF, of high-frequency band at 1 to 30 MHz (megahertz).

The Ku-band, at 12 to 18 GHz (gigahertz) is the highest of these, and lends itself primarily to satellite communications – NASA’s Tracking Data Relay Satellite, for example. To ensure communication does not get mixed up, it’s important that such applications use a Ku-band band pass filter, to weed out the unwanted frequencies.

The Ku-band Bandpass Filter

Both the C-band and Ku-band are at the top when it comes to communications bands, and both find themselves in most wireless communications applications. However, the latter isn’t as restricted in power and, due to its high frequency range, rarely interferes with terrestrial MW systems.

What this means, then, is that a band pass filter at this range is less likely to encounter interference itself, and is usually more to filter out signals outside a certain range with the Ku-band.

All in all, though, it’s important for a Ku-band band pass filter to have the optimum bandwidth and speed needed. If it’s a customised band pass filter you need, AWG Tech can certainly provide it.

What is a band pass filter?

Simply put, a band pass filter is any device that lets frequencies in a certain range pass through, while attenuating and rejecting those outside said range. That means, for band pass filters that operates in the Ku-band, any frequency lower than 12 GHz will not pass through, ideally.

Unfortunately, no band pass filter is ideal, since there is a small region just outside the intended frequencies where the signals are attenuated, but they aren’t rejected. This is known as ‘filter roll-off’. Designers and manufacturers of band pass filters make it a point to produce a design where roll-off is as narrow as possible, so that the filter performs as closely as it can to its intended design.

For those unsure what the difference is between attenuation and rejection, the former is simply the gradual loss of intensity of a flux, such as light or sound waves, through a medium like concrete. In telecommunications, this means that a signal that is attenuated is weakened.

Therefore, a band-pass filter with a wide filter roll-off may still let some signals from a lower frequency pass through, albeit weaker than signals from within the intended frequency range.

What are the uses of a band-pass filter?

These devices typically see themselves used in wireless communications, for both transmitters and receivers. In a transmitter, a band-pass filter is necessary for limiting the output signal to within the frequency band, so that the signal doesn’t interfere with others. In a receiver, the same is needed for ensuring that the signals accepted are only those within the desired frequency range.

This makes band pass filters useful indeed for satellite communications, because of the distance the signal must travel as well as the high frequencies involved. With the Ku-band practically at the top of communications frequency bands, engineers don’t often have to worry about the upper limit.

Well-designed filters help to maximise the number of signal transmitters while minimising interference between and among signals.